Axel Celius trained briefly in the Rasmussen/Annie Julie workshop under Hans "Former" Nielsen before going out on his own. His pipes found there way in some quantity to the US in the '70's; indeed, it appears that there are more here than in Denmark. He was known for his organic shapes, carved to follow the grain as specified by Sixten. He carved for Larsen in the early days before going out on his own. He died at age 42, the victim of alcoholism. In recent years, his pipes have had a considerable renaissance in the US, as smokers recognize their originality and quality. It's now clear that Celius can rightly be considered one of the greatest pipe makers of his time.